Researchcare, home care, inequality, work

Out of sight: migrant women exploited in domestic work

Publication date: 06/2018
Authors: FRA – European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights


This paper describes the particularly exploitative working conditions experienced by 51 migrant women – both EU and non-EU nationals – who worked as domestic workers in selected EU Member States between 2013 and 2017 and outlines risk factors that lead to severe labour exploitation of domestic workers. The paper is the first of three publications based on exploited workers’ first-hand accounts of their experiences of severe labour exploitation. It presents opinions about how EU Member States can counteract risk factors.

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